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Glossary

Achilles Insertional Tendinosis

Insertional Achilles Tendinosis is inflammation of the Achilles tendon at its attachment to the heel bone. The Achilles tendon is very important, it is the largest and strongest tendon in the body and responsible for lifting the entire body weight with every step.

Achilles Tendon Rupture

Tendons carry a lot of weight. That also means when they get injured, you definitely feel their loss. Your Achilles tendon is one of the most powerful tendons you have. It connects the calf muscle to your heel bone, and handles all the pressure of pushing your foot off the ground when you walk, run, and jump.

Arthritis

Gears and moving joints in machines are oiled to help them move smoothly. Those parts would probably still move without the oil, but the friction between them would slow them down considerably, and possibly even damage the parts. Your body’s joints have the same problem. Friction can cause a stiffening and breakdown that you know as arthritis.

Ball of Foot Pain

Pain in the ball of the foot is termed metatarsalgia. This is a vague non-specific term that includes everything from arthritis to tendonitis. Metatarsalgia might also be a symptom of Morton’s neuroma. Morton’s neuroma is one of the most common causes of pain in the ball of the foot.

Blisters

Blisters have everything to do with what shoes and socks you wear. The main cause of blister formation is from shearing forces. Shearing forces occurs when the shoe or sock rubs back and forth against the foot causing friction and the development of blisters.

Bunions

A bunion is a bony enlargement on the inside of the foot near the big toe.  Bunions are an abnormal bony enlargement of the joint at the base of the big toe.  This joint is called the metatarsophalangeal joint.   As the bunion progresses the big toe may begin to lean toward the second toe.

Charcot Foot

Erosion is a powerful force in nature. Given enough time, wind or water can weaken and destabilize solid stone. Even strong foundations can end up eroded away. Your body can experience its own type of “erosion” and breakdown in your foundations as well.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes is a disease that develops from a lack of insulin production in the body or the lack of the body’s response to insulin. It is a surprisingly common condition affecting 16 million people worldwide. Diabetes affects many areas of the body including the kidneys, eyes, and the feet. People with diabetes are prone to foot problems for two main reasons; peripheral neuropathy and poor circulation.

Foot Odor

While people may not have as powerful noses as, say, a pet dog or cat, you don’t need a strong sniffer to be bothered by foot odor. Simply taking off your shoes or walking past someone else with the problem can be enough to make you gag and seek out fresher air. Smelly feet are a common issue and have existed for as long as people have had foot sweat.

Fungal Toenails

Like a stubborn, uninvited guest, the fungus comes, ravages your nails, and refuses to leave. With proper care, the experts from Gulf South Foot & Ankle, LLC can help your nails return to their healthy shine.

Haglund’s Deformity

High heels have been around for centuries, though they weren’t always considered women’s footwear. As they’ve grown in popularity and use, so has a painful foot problem that often comes with them: Haglund’s deformity. This “pump bump” can make wearing shoes and being active very uncomfortable. Fortunately, you don’t have to suffer through this kind of pain.

Heel Pain

It is impossible to never experience some kind of pain. That doesn’t make living in pain a normal part of life, however! Physical discomfort is meant to be a temporary problem to signal that something is wrong in your body, whether that’s an injury, infection, or something else. 

Injury (sports)

Toenails may seem tough, but they can get injured just like any other part of your foot. Just think of any time you’ve stubbed your toe, or dropped something heavy on your foot. Those kinds of accidents can cause toenail trauma.

Morton’s Neuroma

A Morton’s Neuroma is a benign tumor of a nerve. Morton’s Neuroma is not actually a tumor, but a thickening of the tissue that surrounds a nerve leading to the toes. It occurs as the nerve passes under the ligament connecting the toe bones (metatarsals) in the forefoot.

Peripheral Neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy is a loss of sensation in the feet. The symptoms tend to progress slowly over the years and are mostly irreversible. It starts in the toes and slowly works its way back toward the leg.  Initially the patient may describe a “tingling” sensation in the toes. 

Plantar Fasciitis

Heel pain is one of the most common complaints seen in our office. While there are many causes of heel pain, the most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis.

Rash

Rashes can appear anywhere on the skin, but feet and ankles are among the most common locations. Poor ventilation, low circulation, and other factors make them particularly vulnerable.

Sesamoiditis

A sesamoid (from which we get “sesamoiditis”) is a bone that is embedded within a tendon or muscle, rather than connected to the rest of the skeleton via ligaments. If the sesamoids are forced to sustain excess weight or pressure over a period, both the bones themselves and the tendon surrounding them can become inflamed.

Shin Splints

Chronic pain in the shins (known as shin splints, or medial tibial stress syndrome) is a common affliction for athletes everywhere, particularly runners. There’s no one cause of shin splints, as the term itself can refer to several different diagnoses with overlapping symptoms.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome results from pressure or pinching on the posterior tibial nerve as it passes through the tarsal tunnel on the inside of the ankle. Sandwiched between ankle bones and thick ligaments, the tunnel doesn’t offer much room for the nerve, arteries, veins, and other structures that must pass through.

Toenail Fungus

Toenail fungus affects nearly 36 million people in the US and studies show that 15% of the population between the ages of 40 and 60 years old suffer with the condition. This number is much worse in Louisiana due to our muggy climate.

Turf Toe

A sprained big toe can sharply limit your mobility and make using your foot very painful. Turf toe can sideline an athlete and make even walking normally a chronic challenge if it’s not treated.

Wound Care

Ulcers or wounds, usually on the soles of the feet, occur in about 15 percent of patients struggling with diabetes. No matter how small or insignificant your injury seems, you should never ignore it: seek professional wound care treatment immediately.

Achilles Tendon Issues

Tendons carry a lot of weight. That also means when they get injured, you definitely feel their loss. Your Achilles tendon is one of the most powerful tendons you have. It connects the calf muscle to your heel bone, and handles all the pressure of pushing your foot off the ground when you walk, run, and jump.

Ankle Sprain

Everything has a limit to how far it twists or rotates. Imagine screwing a bottle cap back onto a two-liter of soda or some other drink. Eventually, you reach a point when the cap can’t twist any farther. If you were to continue twisting it, you’d damage either the cap or the bottle, or both.

Athletes Foot 

Maybe you noticed the slow change in your toenails over time, and just hoped it would go away if you washed your feet enough. Maybe you hadn’t paid any attention until you suddenly realized your nails had become discolored, ragged, and ugly. However it happened, you are concerned and possibly embarrassed by the changes.

Black Toenails

Black toenail syndrome is a condition where one or more of the toenails turn black. The condition is very common in athletes, especially runners and because of this it is also called Runner’s Toes. Most distance runners develop it at some point and it often means nothing more than you are training hard and perhaps should wear your black toenail like a badge of honor.

Bone Spurs

A bone spur, as the name implies, is an extra bony prominence that grows off of a regular bone.   They can occur anywhere in the body but tend to be more noticeable in the feet.  This is because the feet are a very bony part of the body, there is little soft tissue to pad and hide the spur. 

Bursitis

All moving machine parts have to be well-oiled and protected to prevent damage. Grinding and friction in moving parts can wear them down and eventually keep them from moving at all. The joints in your body are much like moving pieces in a machine. Every part has to be well-cared for to function at its best.

Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are a thickening of the skin caused by pressure, friction, or shearing forces.  They present as a thick hard area of skin and are often flaky and dry.  Corns and calluses are terms that can be used interchangeably. 

Flat Feet

Flat feet is a condition where the foot has a decreased arch or even no arch. The condition can be congenital meaning a person is born that way or it can develop do to a variety of biomechanical conditions.

Fractures

The human body is remarkably durable. People can weather quite a lot of stress and physical difficulty—but there’s always a breaking point, even for your bones. Fractures are serious injuries that leave you in pain and unable to support your own weight. There are several types of foot fractures, and all of them need prompt treatment to avoid potentially permanent side effects.

Gout

Gout is an extremely painful form of arthritis that most commonly affects the big toe (called podagra) but, can also attack the feet, ankles, knees, and hands. The condition is very painful and can be quite disabling. 

Hammertoes

A hammertoe is a bending or buckling of the toe at the middle joint. As the problem increases, the toe becomes prominent on the top of the foot, and blistering or callusing may develop on the middle knuckle. In the most extreme cases an ulcer will develop. Patients with diabetes or circulatory problems should call a doctor if they are showing signs of hammer toes.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails are one of the most common causes of foot pain and is most likely to occur on the big toe. The medical term for an ingrown toenail is onychocryptosis or unguis incarnates.

Metatarsalgia

A hammertoe is a bending or buckling of the toe at the middle joint. As the problem increases, the toe becomes prominent on the top of the foot, and blistering or callusing may develop on the middle knuckle. In the most extreme cases an ulcer will develop. Patients with diabetes or circulatory problems should call a doctor if they are showing signs of hammer toes.

Pediatrics

This page addresses many of the more common issues relating to issues that children may have with their feet, toes, toenails, and development.  We commonly see children in our clinic for the majority of the listed reasons in this page, including: Ingrown Toenails; Flat Feet; Sever’s Disease; Hyperhydrosis; Plantar Warts; Molluscum Contagiosum; Juvenile Bunion; Curved Toes; and Toe Walking.

Pincer Toenails

A pincer nail is a medical condition were the sides of the toenails become curved inwards. The condition is also called in-curved nail, trumpet nail, convoluted nail, omega nail, and transverse over-curvature.

Posterior Heel Pain

The back of the heel (posterior heel) can become painful for many reasons.  It is a particularly important area because this is where the Achilles tendon inserts.  The Achilles tendon is the largest and strongest tendon in the body and responsible for lifting the entire body weight with every step.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Anything that stiffens, restricts, and damages your joints has the potential to ruin your mobility and independence. With rheumatoid arthritis, your body fights against itself. This less common but often quite serious arthritis disease need intense treatments to avoid serious deformities and pain.

Sever’s Disease

Heel pain isn’t just a problem for adults. It can affect children, too. The most common source of this pain in kids is called Sever’s disease—and it only affects young ones who are growing.

Stress Fractures

Stress is more powerful than you might think. The longer something is under stress, the harder it is to withstand the strain. The same is certainly true of your bone. Enough pressure or strain, particularly over a period of time, can lead to painful stress fractures in your lower limbs.

Tenex Procedure

Achilles tendinitis and plantar fasciitis are common ailments seen in the feet.  They pose a particular problem for physicians because cortisone is contraindicated around tendons and plantar fasciitis tends to re-occur. Recently a new technique has been developed for the treatment of damaged tendons and fascia and it’s called Ultrasound Guided Percutaneous Tenotomy/Fasciotomy.

Toenail Problems (trauma)

Healthy toenails are smooth, free of ridges and grooves, and have a consistent pinkish color throughout the nail. Toenail conditions can range from cosmetic problems, such as discoloration, to painful problems including ingrown  toenails and  trauma caused by hitting or dropping something on the toe.

Warts (plantar)

Plantar warts are a common foot problem most frequently found in children. They are caused by a viral infection in the skin from the human papilloma virus (HPV). This infection occurs when skin comes in contact with the virus.